The city of Glasgow, situated on the River Clyde, has the 3rd largest city population in the UK and is the largest city in Scotland. Going back to the 18th century the city grew in wealth and stature as one of the main hubs of trade with the Americas. It further established itself as a city of importance with the onset of the Industrial Revolution and became famous then as both a centre for engineering in general and shipbuilding in particular. This success led to Glasgow being labelled as the ‘Second City of the British Empire’ in late Victorian and Edwardian Britain. However it hasn’t all been plain sailing, the city endured some very tough times economically during periods of the 20th century. In the 1960s for example, the problem was rooted in a lack of investment and innovation weakening the city’s traditional industries against growing overseas competition in countries like Japan and Germany. This led to a lengthy period of economic decline for the city along with the associated social problems. However since the late eighties the city has bounced back economically, largely due to a concerted effort on the part of local and central government to turn around the city’s fortunes. The once dominant manufacturing industries such as shipbuilding and heavy engineering have been gradually replaced in importance by a far more diverse economy. Glasgow has seen significant growth in industries such as financial and business services, creative industries and tourism. On the latter point, it is now the fourth most popular tourist destination in the UK.
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